Energy-saving measures and methods of industrial boilers which industrial boiler energy-saving measures and methods which 1, to increase the capacity and improve the thermal efficiency of boilers and inefficient small compared to the large-capacity high-efficiency industrial boilers, can greatly improve the utilization of energy rate, so as to obtain greater economic benefits. Meanwhile, the cogeneration project enables conversion of exhaust or extraction steam turbine for heating, not only can reduce the loss of turbine exhaust steam, but also help to save coal resources. Industrial boiler thermal efficiency of China's low is a fact that can not be ignored, usually operating efficiency even lower. Therefore, improving the efficiency of industrial furnace hot pot, is crucial for energy savings. In one aspect, by improving the quality of the insulating material, thicker insulation, heat loss can be reduced. On the other hand, the use of secondary air system, can facilitate a more complete combustion of fuel, the effect is very significant. 2, the heating surface to reduce coking and fouling of industrial boiler during running, prone to coking, fouling phenomenon, resulting in increased and then decreased local resistance to the flow cross section. Not only conducive to smoke, but also so that heat transfer is reduced, further increasing the temperature of the flue gas. Industrial boilers and cleaning agent has a good cleaning effect, can be put in the appropriate amount sublimation decompose at high temperatures, with the heating surface of the coke, slag and contacts a chemical reaction can be automatically off after decomposition. Meanwhile, a method of periodically purging is also more effective in the early formation of fouling was loose state can be cleared periodically sootblowing. If the attachment is too long time, will translate into close like fouling, thus increasing the difficulty of cleaning up. 3, to ensure the quality of coal and industrial coal-fired boilers with coal is crucial, its moisture, volatile content factor for the speed of fire, as well as affecting the combustion temperature is extremely obvious. Maintain proper moisture content can be reduced with reduced leakage occurrence of coal and fly ash, coal seam and helps enhance the evacuation ventilation. If the moisture content is too high, will affect the speed and the temperature in the furnace, heat loss will be increased exhaust smoke. Industrial water boiler heating surface for scaling impact of large scale for each additional 1mm, the overall thermal efficiency of the boiler will be reduced by 3%. 4, many factors affect the lower exhaust gas temperature industrial boiler flue gas temperature, within the course of the economizer scale, cleaning up soot neglect of smoke in the furnace wall channeling smoke, poor treatment effect, can cause elevated exhaust temperature. On the one hand, to deal with the heating surface appears slagging, fouling and scale phenomena take timely measures to eliminate, minimize or avoid their presence. On the other hand, on the rear of the boiler heating surface is improved or increased. Industrial boiler flue gas temperature, objectively reflects the utilization of exhaust heat. But not as low as possible, the exhaust gas temperature is too low but not conducive to the normal operation of the boiler.
Coal-fired boilers to gas-fired boiler and the basic requirements of a program, the transformation of the basic requirements: 1, the boiler must be carried out in accordance with "Steam Boiler Safety Technology Supervision" and "Hot Water Boiler Safety Technology Supervision" and relevant national technical regulations, construction program should be sent to the local technical supervision departments for approval. 2, to determine the value in use based on the transformation of the boiler has the age and state of the art, taking into account the life expectancy of the boiler. If the boiler use a longer useful life, and the pressure there is a serious corrosion, scaling and overheating phenomena such elements, no transformation of value. 3, boiler walls, chimneys, water supply and air supply, the wind system should remain largely intact. 4, after the transformation of the original technical parameters should be kept constant boiler (operating pressure, temperature, etc.) or the load and to improve the efficiency of the original boiler. 5, after the boiler should comply with national environmental and technical indicators, solve the problem of smoke and dust, meet environmental requirements. 6, when the boiler should try not to change the original pot, and the body is pressed by the original system architecture, covers the smaller the better. 7, rehabilitation programs should be simple, low investment, short construction period and quick, safe and reliable. Second, the transformation method: 1, removal of the original coal-fired boiler slag machine, equipment on coal, dust, chain grate and gearbox. 2, according to the diameter and length of the flame, furnace installation height determining geometric dimensions and the burner. 3, making the furnace, the furnace bottom refractory brick, a semicircular shape. 4, the front arch openings mounted burner nozzle. 5, after that the flame away from the center position of the tube the arch, the arch of the pipe on the basis of the original slope, heightening baffle wall, the protective tube arch. 6, install blast doors. 7, install the induced draft fan drive. 8, the body of the boiler water test pressure 1.5 times the working pressure. 9, the automatic control system installed. Third, the technical proposal: 1, furnace design should consider the flame length and diameter of the flame of the combustion gas, so that the furnace space is filled with the best of the flame, the flame not Wall flush. 2, as the main component of natural gas CH4, H20 generated after combustion, steam share large, so that strong radiation, heating furnace suitably increased to take advantage of the radiation heat transfer, thermal efficiency, reduce the consumption of steel, ensure that the boiler output, and may increase the boiler output. 3, a slight positive pressure within the boiler furnace using a combustion or slightly negative pressure, the sealing performance of the boiler furnace walls to strengthen, not air leakage. 4, due to the smaller excess air ratio of the gas boiler, combustion requires less air flow, coupled with the removal of dust, dust and small flue system, the flue resistance is reduced, a large surplus primer fan flow, using file when the damper plate adjusting the power loss is large, frequency control can be induced draft fan air volume regulation. 5, after the furnace door and see the fire smoke chamber above the chimney, mounted two proof doors, in order to improve the antiknock performance of the boiler. 6, the boiler flue gas the volume of gas in the vapor component is generally 15% to 19%, well above the coal-fired boiler flue gases generated in the water vapor content of 6% by volume or less. Boiler shutdown and startup, due to the low wall temperature of the boiler heating element, when less than less 50 ℃, the flue gas water vapor dew condensation on the wall will, if not removed condensate with the condensate of the contact wall would be C02 acid gas corrosion of furnace wall and the insulation material due to water absorption and thermal insulation effect will be lost. Therefore, before and after the gas hot water boiler smoke box and the rear box and the rear flue smoke condensate discharge means to be provided, promptly boiler condensate removal. 7, the gas boiler-system control function should have combustion process. Pre-blowing may be implemented, auto-ignition, flame detector self-test, automatic load adjustment, flame monitoring, fault alarm interlock shutdown, the gas leak detection valve, induced draft fan and burner control sequential chain protection. 8, in order to prevent fluctuations in the gas pressure regulator to meet the burner requirements, the installation of a gas regulator metering panel outer gas inlet in the boiler room, the surge counter can be accomplished by filtration, regulating, metering, safety shut-off functions.
We learned that recently, Beijing issued a "three-year action plan to win the Beijing Blue Sky Wars," to date, mainly to strengthen ecological environment construction, pollution control tough fight to win Beijing, make the appropriate efforts. Details are as follows.
First, build a green energy system
Combined with the characteristics of the capital, in the city to protect the power supply, heat supply network under the premise of safe operation, relying on intelligent technology, strengthen external power transferred, increase the proportion of outside transmission. Full development of new local energy resources. Promoting clean renewable energy for heating, Municipal Development and Reform Commission, City Management Committee and other sector organizations to increase renewable energy use in key areas clean city sub-center, Beijing's new airport and other heating. In principle, to new natural gas cogeneration and gas chemical projects.
Second, lay Yajian coal finale
Led by the Agriculture Commission, in accordance with the principle of progressive advance of the first plains, mountains and then to "coal to electricity," the main scientific technical route choice, according to local conditions to promote rural village "coal to clean energy" work. 2018, the completion of the plains 450 villages "coal to clean energy" to carry out energy-saving synchronous rural residence. Completion of Pinggu District, clean energy transformation of coal-fired central heating boilers 5 of Yanqing district, the basic realization of the city's Plains "No Coal." In 2019, the development of scientific and effective mountains "coal to clean energy" technology roadmap, the heating period to break a long, large temperature difference and other problems, an orderly mountain villages of "coal to clean energy" work.
Third, improve energy efficiency
Municipal Development and Reform Commission and other departments to study and improve energy consumption limits system. City Housing and Urban Construction Commission, the Municipal Planning and Land Committee and other departments to revise new residential building energy efficiency design standards, energy-saving rate of more than 80%; accelerate the development of ultra-low energy buildings, new buildings strict implementation of green building standards. City Housing and Urban Construction Commission, the Municipal Urban Management Commission, Agriculture Commission and other departments saving renovations to existing buildings, Rural public buildings energy-saving standards and scope of the earthquake.
Fourth, accelerate infrastructure construction clean energy
City Management Committee, the Agriculture Commission and other departments to speed up the "coal to electricity" grid upgrading in rural areas, to meet the heating needs of the field of alternative energy. Into the "No Coal" facilities construction village, power and other reconstruction within the scope of planning in advance to give priority to implementation. Related power companies continue to strengthen the construction of power facilities and support capabilities.
The difference of fuel between Oil-fired Boiler and Gas-fired BoilerOil-fired boiler refers to the fuel-fired boiler, including diesel oil, waste oil and other oil boilers. The overall arrangement of the oil-fired boiler is similar to that of the coal-fired boiler, except that the bottom of the furnace of the oil-fired boiler is mostly made into the bottom of the insulation furnace with a tilt to the back wall of 10 °~ 30 °, in order to obtain good combustion characteristics. In order to atomize fuel oil, there are two types of fuel burner nozzle: mechanical centrifugal injector and steam atomized Y type injector. The fuel of the oil-fired boiler is the fuel (such as diesel oil, kerosene, etc.). The fuel of the gas-fired boiler is gas (such as natural gas, city gas, biogas, etc.), depending on what fuel the boiler burns. The difference between a fuel-fired boiler and a gas-fired boiler is what kind of fuel burners are used to burn the gas-fired boilers, which are called gas-fired boilers, oil-fired boilers with fuel-fired burners, and oil-fired boilers called oil-fired boilers.
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