high efficiency gas fired steam boiler

Main contents of boiler energy efficiency test:

1. Boiler thermal efficiency test: a) determination of boiler evaporation; b) boiler excess air coefficient detection; c) exhaust smoke temperature detection; d) fuel combustion efficiency test; e) boiler thermal efficiency test; f) fuel consumption; g) Steam to coal ratio.

2. Boiler new product stereotyped energy efficiency test: Determine whether the boiler thermal performance indicators are consistent with the design and determine the operation mode of the equipment. Such as boiler evaporation, boiler thermal efficiency, combustion efficiency, various heat losses and so on.

3. Boiler operation adjustment test: Determine the most economical operation mode of the boiler and identify defects in the boiler operation. Such as boiler maximum load, boiler minimum load, fuel requirements, economic load, reasonable exhaust gas temperature, optimum wind coal ratio, excess air ratio, secondary air ratio and so on.

4. Comparative test of thermal performance before and after boiler reform: changes in evaporation, effects of combustion, thermal efficiency of boilers, etc.

5, fuel industry analysis, elemental analysis: to judge the quality of oil, gas and other fuels, easy for enterprises to control the quality of fuel into the plant.

6, water quality testing, scale analysis: determine the quality of water, control the boiler water indicators to prevent boiler fouling.

The main reason gas high efficiency fired steam boiler produces smoke which fuel gas steam boiler main cause of smoke. A fuel gas steam boiler: oil, gas oil quality is not good when the gas contains more water, reduce the heat value of the fuel, while producing steam, the furnace temperature tends to decrease, making it difficult to burn, easy to produce smoke. Water and more oil, mainly when unloading rain water into the oil during heating the oil in water vapor penetration. When the oil contains impurities, the impurities unburned produce fine coke, the coke into fine smoke, dust becomes large, and the formation of soot. Impurities contained in the oil and gas, but also affect the pure oil and pure combustion gas generated soot. Oil impurities, mainly due to inappropriate choice of filters or filter difference impurity removal effect. Second, the failure of the fuel atomizing nozzle member main burner fuel oil atomizing nozzle. Atomizing oil burner nozzle fails, affecting the quality of the atomization, easy to poor combustion. 1, the adhesiveness between the bonding surface of the oil and the consequences of failure oil atomizers swirl atomizers and the splitter plate well, leakage will occur, atomized large oil particles, increasing the amount of fuel injection and the like. In this case serious deterioration of the quality of the combustion, the oil droplets have landed on the water wall, stacking up oil coke, partially unburned black smoke into droplets. The tangential swirl chip groove clogging mist causes uneven density distribution in the dense side of the oil mist, combustion air be insufficient. In the more dilute side of the oil mist, combustion air causes severe local excess. Mixed with oil, wind conditions deteriorated significantly, combustion conditions deteriorate, resulting in black smoke. 2, spray atomization slice failure and the consequences of failure to clogging and wear. Nozzle clogging, resulting in blockage of the fuel injection quantity is not glib increase, oil particle size thicker, the effect of fuel poor and black smoke. Wear injection port, a large hole diameter, increasing the amount of fuel injection, increasing the particle size of oil affect combustion efficiency, produce black smoke. The use of artificial gas burner, naphthalene and tar and other impurities will block the nozzles, the influence of gas distribution, resulting in black smoke. Should therefore be cleaned regularly, or clogging of the selected burner. 3, the partition partitioning poor poor, insufficient supply of air into and excess. The amount of air can not meet the requirements of the fuel combustion, so that combustion of fuel can not be sufficiently black smoke. The amount of air, will result in lower combustion temperature, black smoke and fuel difficult to burn. 4, the furnace temperature is too low when starting the furnace, fuel oil steam boiler furnace temperature is too low due to easy black smoke. 5, the furnace hearth product oil is sometimes caused by internal combustion nozzle oil accumulated inside the chamber, the oil reservoir coke black smoke at high temperature. Causes dripping of fuel combustion nozzle: ① The drip just work, just at the operating pressure is too low, the oil will flow from the nozzle, instead of the discharge. The reason for low oil pressure is a solenoid valve, the valve is clogged filter or the like or failure caused by contamination. ② In the dripping process work, probably because the relative position of burner nozzle mounting head too far, improper ignition electrode position, the oil into the atomizer, the nozzle holder is mounted is not tight, nozzle dirty, low oil pressure caused. ③ When the dripping stopped, because the line between the pump and the air nozzle, electromagnetic valve or a hydraulic valve or dirty failure. 6, the furnace flue purged countless consequences when the furnace flue remnants of oil and gas, when gas purging endless, high temperatures encountered in the explosion and black smoke. 7, the furnace smoke, sparks, the furnace pressure is too ①; ② inappropriate choice of the burner, the burner flame is too long or too much power; ③ improper combustion ratio, there are more to produce products of incomplete combustion; ④ atomization quality is not good nozzle or improper installation location, or affect the combustion flame into the furnace off port; ⑤ flue is blocked, poor smoke; ⑥ a secondary air mismatches; irrational ⑦ furnace structure; ⑧ oil spray angle is selected from with improper.

Measures to improve the thermal efficiency of the fuel gas-fired boiler wns type of chemical oil-fired boiler which is incomplete combustion heat loss and mechanical incomplete combustion heat loss. Because almost no ash after combustion of the gas boiler, solid and liquid fuels without mechanical incomplete combustion, there is no need to consider the mechanical incomplete combustion of the gas boiler heat loss. In all heat losses, heat losses have tremendous proportions, when the high thermal efficiency of boilers, heat losses so the total loss of the main heat losses of fuel gas-fired boiler flue gas heat loss is the exhaust gas temperature and For air excess factor. When the exhaust gas temperature decreases, high thermal efficiency can be obtained, for example, a conventional three-pass high efficiency fired steam boiler, furnace used in the past straight and smooth smoke tube, must increase the heating surface is arranged to make the exhaust gas to an acceptable degree, the theoretical discharge around the smoke heat loss. Potshell causing significantly increased diameter, wall thickness increased, greatly increased metal consumption, thus further reducing the exhaust gas temperature should be greatly restricted. From the aspect of heat transfer is not only now consider only the heated area, the use of new technology enables heat transfer performance significantly increased, the difference between the heat transfer overcomes the disadvantages of the past performance of the boiler, so that the exhaust gas temperature decreases, the structure is more compact. Center back boiler combustion boiler is preferably small foreign structure, although the two-pass boiler, the heated area is small, but the use of the turbulator charming, the purpose of enhancing the turbulence of the flue gas, disrupt laminar flow boundary wall, reducing the thermal resistance, increasing the heat transfer coefficient, a smaller heating area to achieve the same high thermal efficiency. Lower exhaust gas temperature limit in theory, the exhaust gas temperature can be reduced to very low or even close to the ambient temperature, for maximum thermal efficiency. However, in practice, due to the reduction of the exhaust gas temperature, low temperature corrosion will cause, therefore, the exhaust gas temperature can drop too low, in order to ensure that the wall temperature is higher than the main boiler heating surface flue gas dew point temperature. Therefore, low-temperature corrosion has become a major obstacle to reduce exhaust gas temperature and improve the thermal efficiency of the boiler. Tail auxiliary heating surface increases, further reducing the exhaust gas temperature, fuel gas wns improve thermal efficiency of the boiler as the oil, gas fuel burn easily wns type gas boiler air preheater generally not disposed. The economizer means is a common energy, which can be recycled flue gas was able to effectively reduce exhaust gas temperature. Separation type condensing gas boiler is out of the main boiler heating surface, the installation of the condensing heat exchanger. In one aspect of the flue gas absorption can significantly reduce the smoke temperature, reducing heat losses, on the one hand the absorption of part of the potential condensing water vapor released, increasing the effective use of heat of the fuel. Ash cleaning, to ensure that the heating surface of the scale wns boiler thermal efficiency of the boiler, the presence of soot fouling and heat transfer resistance increases, reducing the heat transfer effect. The thermal conductivity of the scale and soot is almost of the same order of magnitude, with the increase in scale, soot, the exhaust gas temperature rapidly increases, the thermal efficiency is significantly decreased. So, keep the boiler heating surface inside and outside clean, efficient heat transfer, thermal efficiency and to ensure the safe and economic operation of boilers, boiler fuel gas-fired boiler ash cleaning is required.

Zhengzhou Sunrise Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. by the Dongxu Group, Henan Province, the state-owned asset management companies and Zhengzhou Investment Holdings Limited jointly made, mainly engaged in flat panel display and solar industry design materials, manufacturing and sales operations. Sunrise Optoelectronics project has been put into a production line, the second phase will continue the expansion, three new production lines to meet the production needs of Project Phase II, Sunrise Optoelectronics urgent need to increase new boiler equipment. After investigation and screening of a number of boiler brands, determined to cooperate with the fast boiler, steam signed a 10-ton integrated condensing gas high efficiency fired steam boiler (WNS10-1.25-Y.Q).

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